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59-63 King Street West, Dundas

59, King Street West, Hamilton, Ontario, L9H, Canada

Reconnu formellement en: 1979/08/31

View of main (south) façade showing overall massing and proportions – July 2001; OHT, 2001
View of main (south) façade – July 2001
View of main (south) façade looking east on the north side of King Street West – July 2001; OHT, 2001
View of main façade looking east – July 2001
Historic view of King Street showing 59-63 King Street in the distance – c. 1924; hamiltonpostcards.com, 2005
Historic view of King Street looking west

Autre nom(s)


Liens et documents

Date(s) de construction


Inscrit au répertoire canadien: 2007/11/23

Énoncé d'importance

Description du lieu patrimonial

The building at 59-63 King Street West is situated on the principal commercial street in the former Town of Dundas. The two-storey brick commercial block is an integral component of the streetscape in downtown Dundas and complements the many other buildings of a similar design in the area.

The King Street façade of the building is protected by two Ontario Heritage Trust conservation easements.

Valeur patrimoniale

Constructed in 1875, the building at 59-63 King Street West is associated with the sustained growth and development of Dundas following its transformation from a centre of shipping to an industry-based town. Dundas became a major shipping port following the construction of the Desjardins Canal in 1837. The early successes of the canal lead residents to believe that the town would become the most productive and prosperous port of the region. By mid-century, however, the canal's water levels were deemed too shallow for large vessels to traverse and the nearby City of Hamilton supplanted Dundas as the port of choice for the area. Despite the closure of the canal in 1867, Dundas continued to grow through the latter half of the nineteenth century and developed into an autonomous industrial town. The building at 59-63 King Street West formed part of the commercial centre that provided retail services to the local community during this time.

59-63 King Street West is an example of a modest nineteenth century two-part commercial block. This style, which is prevalent amongst the small and moderately sized commercial buildings in Ontario, is distinguished by a horizontal division separating the public uses of the ground floor from the private and semi-private uses of the upper levels. In this case, the ground floor is composed of decoratively painted wooden panels and large glass storefronts that are topped by awnings and a dentil trimmed cornice. This lower section of the building contrasts significantly with the red brick cladding of the second storey. In the late 1970s the storefronts at 59-63 King Street West were rebuilt by Carl Neilson, the owner at the time, based upon physical evidence found on site.

Located in a central position along the main commercial street in Dundas, the building is an integral component of the historic King Street streetscape. Its modest architectural design is augmented by a dramatic colour scheme, making the building at 59-63 King Street West one of the most recognizable in the town. The building is also located on the same block as a number of other designated heritage properties including the Collins Hotel (1841), the Booth's Furniture Building (1874), and the Laing Apartments (1882).

Source: Conservation Easement Files, Ontario Heritage Trust

Éléments caractéristiques

Character defining elements that contribute to the heritage value of 59-63 King Street West include the:
- vertical division of the main (south) façade into a three-bay wood and glass storefront at the ground level and a seven-bay red brick structure at the second storey level
- dentil trimmed wood cornice with scroll-shaped brackets that segregates the ground floor from the second storey
- recessed central entry-way of the eastern bay of the ground floor storefront (for 59 King Street West) which is flanked by two large display windows, each subdivided into nine panels by decorative mullions
- side-by-side entrances of the western bays of the ground floor storefront (61 and 63 King Street West), each consisting of a wooden door framed by paneled pilasters and an arched transom
- Roman-arched windows of the second storey with hood moulds and keystones
- low pitched gable roof which is supported by paired brackets under the eaves and is demarcated on the east and west sides by brick firewalls with double chimneys
- central location on King Street, Dundas' main commercial street
- building as a whole: as an integral component of the historic King Street streetscape
- combined features creating one of the most recognizable buildings in Dundas
- close proximity to other recognized heritage properties




Autorité de reconnaissance

Trust du patrimoine ontarien

Loi habilitante

Loi sur le patrimoine de l'Ontario

Type de reconnaissance

Servitude de la Fondation du patrimoine ontarien

Date de reconnaissance


Données sur l'histoire

Date(s) importantes

1979/01/01 à 1979/01/01
1975/01/01 à 1978/01/01

Thème - catégorie et type

Économies en développement
Commerce et affaires

Catégorie de fonction / Type de fonction



Commerce / Services commerciaux
Magasin ou commerce de vente au détail

Architecte / Concepteur




Informations supplémentaires

Emplacement de la documentation

Conservation Easement Files Ontario Heritage Trust 10 Adelaide Street East Toronto, Ontario

Réfère à une collection

Identificateur féd./prov./terr.




Inscriptions associées

Dundas Central School - 2004

Dundas Central School

The building at 73 Melville Street, known as Dundas Central School, is located in the historical Town of Dundas, within the City of Hamilton. The two-and-a-half storey red brick…


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