Home / Accueil

War of 1812 Timeline: July 1813 - September 1813

Timeline PDF

July 1813 - September 1813

July 1813

American privateers are described as "very numerous in the Bay of Fundy," and Saint John, New Brunswick, as "under blockade." Six Royal Navy vessels are sent into the bay from Halifax, Nova Scotia.

 

Commander Robert Barclay's British squadron, sailing out of Amherstburg, Upper Canada, patrols Lake Erie gathering information on the construction at Erie, Pennsylvania of United States Navy vessels.

5 July 1813

Raid on Fort Schlosser, New York.  Canadian militia commanded by Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Clark captures military stores at the southern terminus of the American portage route around Niagara Falls.

8 July 1813

Action at Butler's Farm, Upper Canada. 

On 8 July, Lieutenant William Hamilton Merritt led a successful British expedition to recover hidden medical supplies left behind after the Battle of Fort George.  While the British gathered the supplies, Haudenosaunee (Iroquois Confederacy) led by John Norton, and Mississauga and Ottawa under Chief Blackbird attacked American outposts.  The Americans reinforced their men with infantry and cavalry, and the fighting occurred between the Ball and Butler farms west of the town of Niagara.  An American party led by Lieutenant Joseph C. Eldridge was ambushed, losing at least 20 men.  Eldridge was killed after he allegedly shot an Indigenous fighter following the surrender.

11 July 1813

British raid on Black Rock, New York.

12 July 1813

Royal Navy vessels attack Ocracoke, North Carolina, capturing several American ships.

14 July 1813          

Crew from the British sloop Contest and brig Mohawk capture and set on fire the American schooner Asp along the Potomac River.

17 July 1813

First muster of the Canadian Volunteers at Fort George, Upper Canada.

On 17 July 1813, a small force of Canadian traitors joined the American Army at Fort George. The "Canadian Volunteers" were commanded by Joseph Willcocks, a former newspaper editor and member of the Upper Canadian Legislature, and included two other elected officials.  Playing an important role as scouts and guides for the invaders, they also conducted a reign of terror against their former neighbours in Niagara.  Although often numbering less than 100, the unit was highly regarded by their U.S. commanders and fought in the battles on the Niagara frontier until the end of the war.  Branded as traitors, the survivors settled in the United States at the end of the war where they were compensated for their losses by the American government.

 

Skirmish at Ball's Farm near Niagara, Upper Canada. 

19 July 1813          

On the upper St. Lawrence River American privateers Neptune and Fox from Sackets Harbor, New York capture a British convoy of 15 bateaux and the gunboat Spitfire seizing valuable army provisions.  They retreat up Cranberry Creek, New York.

20 July 1813         

British forces, in an effort to reclaim supplies taken from them the previous day, skirmish unsuccessfully with American privateers on Cranberry Creek, New York.

 

Launch of HMS Detroit at Amherstburg, Upper Canada. The sloop is the largest vessel constructed by the British at the Amherstburg Navy Yard.

21 July 1813

Arrival of British reinforcements to Quebec City, Lower Canada: HMS Wasp and Captain Thomas Everard.

21-27 July 1813

Second Siege of Fort Meigs, Ohio. A force under British Major-General Henry Procter and Shawnee Chief Tecumseh besiege Fort Meigs and are unsuccessful in attempts to take the American post.

22 July 1813

The brig Lord Melville (14 guns) is launched by the Royal Navy at Kingston, Upper Canada adding to Britain's Lake Ontario squadron.

27 July 1813          

Battle of Burnt Corn, Mississippi Territory. The event is often considered the first action of the Creek War, a conflict between the United States and a faction of the Muscogee (Creek) Nation known as the Red Sticks.

29 July 1813

American amphibious raid led by Colonel Winfield Scott on Burlington Beach, Upper Canada.  The King George Inn is destroyed. 

 

British naval and terrestrial operation along the Lake Champlain frontier.

29 July - 4 August 1813

The British raid American villages surrounding Lake Champlain.  The attacks are launched from St-Jean, Lower Canada and lead by Lieutenant-Colonel John Murray.

30 July 1813

British raid on Plattsburg, New York.

31 July 1813

The second occupation of York (Toronto), the capital of Upper Canada, by United States amphibious forces. Colonel Winfield Scott's troops destroy public property and confiscate British military supplies. 

August 1813         

Major General Wade Hampton, American commander of the Lake Champlain region, gathers and trains his troops at Burlington, Vermont.

 

Arrival of British reinforcements to Quebec City, Lower Canada: De Meuron Regiment.

2 August 1813

Assault on Fort Stephenson, Fremont, Ohio.

After an unsuccessful second siege of Fort Meigs to disrupt the buildup of the North Western Army, Major-General Henry Procter's First Nations allies insisted he strike Fort Stephenson, a U.S. post guarding Major General William Henry Harrison's supply route up the Sandusky River.  Procter complied and attacked the fort with 500 British regulars and First Nations fighters.  Believing Fort Stephenson to be indefensible, Harrison ordered Major George Croghan to evacuate his 150 soldiers but Croghan was resolved to defend his position.  Procter's men came under heavy fire and suffered many casualties before abandoning the assault.  Croghan became a celebrated hero and the attack was the last major British effort in Ohio during the war.

6 August 1813

As part of their naval blockade of Chesapeake Bay, the British occupy Kent Island, Maryland, using it as a staging area.  The island will also become a gathering place for escaped African American slaves.

7 August 1813      

The first encounter between the fleets of Commodores Sir James Lucas Yeo and Isaac Chauncey. Six British and 13 American vessels exchange fire off the mouth of the Niagara River on Lake Ontario, but the action is inconclusive and damage minimal.

8 August 1813      

Sinking of United States schooners Hamilton and Scourge on Lake Ontario.

On 7 August 1813, British Commodore Sir James Lucas Yeo and American Commodore Isaac Chauncey's squadrons met upon Lake Ontario but failed to engage in battle.  That night, with sails unfurled, a violent squall swamped two of Chauncey's schooners.  The vessels were unstable due to their heavy iron cannons, a burden for which these former merchant ships were not designed.   Within minutes the craft and many of their crew were swallowed up by the lake.  Although 16 men were saved, at least 52 went down with the schooners, the largest single loss of life on the Great Lakes during the war.  Hamilton and Scourge embodied American efforts to add former merchant schooners to its squadron, a course of action also adopted by the British.

10 August 1813    

The squadrons of Commodores Sir James Lucas Yeo and Isaac Chauncey clash again on Lake Ontario. The British capture USS Julia and USS Growler after they become separated from the American fleet. 

 

The British raid St. Michaels, Maryland capturing and destroying an American battery.

13 August 1813    

British regulars, scouting in the area of Kent Island, encounter and skirmish with American militia near Queenston, Maryland.

14 August 1813

HMS Pelican captures USS Argus off the coast of Wales.

 

Skirmish at Ball's Farm, Niagara, Upper Canada. American Brigadier General Peter Porter with volunteers and First Nations allies successfully engage British Indigenous Allies.

17 August 1813

Sailing from Erie, Pennsylvania, Master Commandant Oliver Hazard Perry's squadron unites with Major General William Henry Harrison's North Western Army at Sandusky, Ohio. Perry sends vessels to reconnoitre the British ship yard at Amherstburg, Upper Canada.

18 August 1813

The USS Sylph, pierced for 20 guns, is launched at Sackets Harbor, New York.

19 August 1813    

By this date, only nine Newfoundland privateers have received letters of marque. 

Although the Halifax Vice-Admiralty Court sold 629 legitimate prizes during the war, only 53 prizes were taken in Newfoundland waters, 50 of them by the Royal Navy. Geography only partly explains why Newfoundland merchants made fewer than 40 applications in total for letters of marque. British victories in the Peninsular War had reopened the crucial Iberian salt-fish markets, and with French and American fishermen alike sidelined after 1812, Newfoundland enjoyed near monopoly conditions. As a result, fish exports reached levels that would not be exceeded until mid-century. With Britain's Industrial Revolution also causing expansion of the seal hunt, Newfoundland's population doubled between 1793 and 1815. Thus, concluded historian D. W. Prowse, "During the whole of the conflict Newfoundland was in a great state of prosperity."

 

A U.S. force lead by Major General Wade Hampton crosses the border into Lower Canada at Odelltown.

24 August 1813

British forces commanded by Governor General Sir George Prevost attack American defences at Fort George, Upper Canada.

30 August 1813

Battle of Fort Mims, Mississippi Territory. Muscogee (Creek) Nation fighters capture the fort and kill most of the garrison.

September 1813   

Major-General Louis de Watterville becomes the commander of British forces stationed along the border of Lower Canada from the Richelieu River to Lake Champlain.

 

Arrival of British reinforcements to Quebec City, Lower Canada: 2nd Battalion of the Royal Marines.

 

The British military post at St-Jean, Lower Canada is strengthened and the barracks expanded.

 

To meet the demand for regular troops at Fort Mackinac, the Michigan Fencibles are raised.  Composed mainly of French Canadian trappers and voyageurs, they are trained, clothed, and paid the same as British regulars.

 

Occupation of  Sandwich (Windsor), Upper Canada by American Forces. American foraging and raiding expeditions from Amherstburg and Sandwich will ravage south western Upper Canada until the end of the war.

3 September 1813

Americans abandon and burn Fort Madison, in what later would become Iowa Territory.

5 September 1813

A battle between HMS Boxer and USS Enterprise off the coast of the District of Maine ends with Boxer's surrender.

10 September 1813

Battle of Lake Erie.  "We have met the enemy and they are ours," American Master Commandant Oliver Hazard Perry. 

By August 1813 Master Commandant Oliver Hazard Perry's squadron had established a blockade across Lake Erie.  Determined to re-open the British supply line, Commander Robert Barclay sailed from Amherstburg, Upper Canada with six warships to challenge Perry's nine vessels.  British fire wrecked Perry's flagship USS Lawrence, but he daringly rowed to the undamaged USS Niagara. When Barclay's two largest ships entangled, Perry closed in and with devastating broadsides forced a British surrender. The Americans suffered 123 casualties and the British 135, which included a severely wounded Barclay and 38 members of the Royal Newfoundland Fencibles, on board as marines.  The victory secured American control of the upper Great Lakes and compelled the British and their First Nations allies to withdraw from the Detroit River frontier.

11 September 1813

An indecisive naval engagement occurs between the British and American squadrons of Commodores Sir James Lucas Yeo and Isaac Chauncey on Lake Ontario, off the Genesee River, New York.

20 September 1813               

British and U.S. troops skirmish at Odelltown, Lower Canada. The Americans withdraw and Major General Wade Hampton, deciding instead to engage his troops further west, gathers his men at Four Corners, New York along the Chateauguay River.

23 September 1813

 

Amherstburg, Upper Canada abandoned by the British.

The allied forces at Amherstburg were isolated following the Battle of Lake Erie and the surrender of the British fleet.  With no way to effectively supply their garrison and First Nations allies on the Detroit River frontier, Major-General Henry Procter set ablaze the British outposts along with supplies that could not be transported with the troops and withdrew eastward along the Thames River.  Soon after, Major General William Henry Harrison's U.S. troops, ferried across Lake Erie by Master Commandant Oliver Hazard Perry's U.S. Navy vessels, began arriving at Amherstburg and would shortly pursue Procter's retreating forces meeting them in battle at Moraviantown.

 

USS President captures HMS Highflyer off the New England coast.

27 September 1813               

American forces under Major General William Henry Harrison land in Amherstburg, Upper Canada.  The town experiences the longest American military occupation of the war, lasting until 1 July 1815. 

28 September 1813

Known as the "Burlington Races", the British and American squadrons engage at the western end of Lake Ontario off Burlington Bay. Commodore Sir James Lucas Yeo's flagship HMS Wolfe narrowly escapes destruction during a ship-to-ship duel with USS General Pike.

Autumn 1813

The British construct barracks at Laprairie, Lower Canada.

← Back    |    Next →

War of 1812 Timeline


Section 1: 1775 - November 1811
Section 2: January 1812 - June 1812
Section 3: July 1812 - September 1812
Section 4: October 1812 - December 1812
Section 5: January 1813 - March 1813
Section 6: April 1813 - June 1813
Section 7: July 1813 - September 1813
Section 8: October 1813 - December 1813
Section 9: January 1814 - March 1814
Section 10: April 1814 - June 1814
Section 11: July 1814 - December 1814
Section 12: January 1815 - 1871

Government of Canada official War of 1812 Bicentennial Website

RELATED LINKS